Pengertian apa itu lot dalam trading forex


Forex is commonly traded in specific amounts called lots, or basically the number of currency units you will buy or sell.

Bạn đang xem: Pengertian apa itu lot dalam trading forex

A “lot” is a unit measuring a transaction amount.

When you place orders on your trading platsize, orders are placed in sizes quoted in lots.

It’s like an egg carton (or egg box in British English). When you buy eggs, you usually buy a carton (or box). One carton includes 12 eggs.

The standard kích cỡ for a lot is 100,000 units of currency, và now, there are also mini, micro, & nano lot sizes that are 10,000, 1,000, & 100 units.

LotNumber of Units

Some brokers show quantity in “lots”, while other brokers show the actual currency units.

As you may already know, the change in a currency value relative lớn another is measured in “pips,” which is a very, very small percentage of a unit of currency’s value.

To take advantage of this minute change in value, you need lớn trade large amounts of a particular currency in order lớn see any significant profit or loss.

Let’s assume we will be using a 100,000 unit (standard) lot size. We will now recalculate some examples lớn see how it affects the pip value.

In cases where the U.S. dollar is not quoted first, the formula is slightly different.

EUR/USD at an exchange rate of 1.1930: (.0001 / 1.1930) X 100,000 = 8.38 x 1.1930 = $9.99734 rounded up will be $10 per pipGBP/USD at an exchange rate of 1.8040: (.0001 / 1.8040) x 100,000 = 5.54 x 1.8040 = 9.99416 rounded up will be $10 per pip.

Here are examples of pip values for EUR/USD và USD/JPY, depending on lot size.

PairCthua thảm PricePip value per:
UnitStandard lotMini lotMicro lotNano lot
USD/JPY1 USD = 80 JPY$0.000125$12.5$1.25$0.125$0.0125

Your broker may have a different convention for calculating pip values relative sầu khổng lồ lot kích thước but whatever way they vị it, they’ll be able to lớn tell you what the pip value is for the currency you are trading at that particular time.

In other words, they vị all the math calculations for you!

As the market moves, so will the pip value depending on what currency you are currently trading.

What the heck is leverage?

You are probably wondering how a small investor like yourself can trade such large amounts of money.

Think of your broker as a bank who basically fronts you $100,000 lớn buy currencies.

All the bank asks from you is that you give sầu it $1,000 as a good faith deposit, which it will hold for you but not necessarily keep.

Sounds too good to be true? This is how forex trading using leverage works.


The amount of leverage you use will depkết thúc on your broker và what you feel comfortable with.

Xem thêm: Đơn Vị Tiền Tệ Và Cách Đọc Tiền Euro Sau Dấu Phẩy Sau Bảng Anh Đọc Là Gì

Typically the broker will require a deposit, also known as “margin“.

Once you have deposited your money, you will then be able khổng lồ trade. The broker will also specify how much margin is required per position (lot) traded.

For example, if the allowed leverage is 100:1 (or 1% of position required), and you wanted lớn trade a position worth $100,000, but you only have sầu $5,000 in your tài khoản.

No problem as your broker would set aside $1,000 as a deposit and let you “borrow” the rest.

Of course, any losses or gains will be deducted or added khổng lồ the remaining cash balance in your trương mục.

The minimum security (margin) for each lot will vary from broker to broker.

In the example above sầu, the broker required a 1% margin. This means that for every $100,000 traded, the broker wants $1,000 as a deposit on the position.

Let’s say you want lớn buy 1 standard lot (100,000) of USD/JPY. If your trương mục is allowed 100:1 leverage, you will have sầu khổng lồ put up $1,000 as margin.

The $1,000 is NOT a fee, it’s a deposit.

You get it baông chồng when you cthua trận your trade.

The reason the broker requires the deposit is that while the trade is open, there’s the risk that you could lose money on the position!

Assuming that this USD/JPY trade is the only position you have sầu open in your account, you would have khổng lồ maintain your account’s equity (absolute value of your trading account) of at least $1,000 at all times in order lớn be allowed lớn keep the trade open.

If USD/JPY plummets & your trading losses cause your account equity lớn fall below $1,000, the broker’s system would automatically cthua trận out your trade khổng lồ prsự kiện further losses.

This is a safety mechanism khổng lồ prsự kiện your trương mục balance from going negative.

Understanding how margin trading works is so important that we have dedicated a whole section khổng lồ it later in the School.

It is a must-read if you don’t want to lớn blow up your account!

Moving on for now…

How the heck bởi vì I calculate profit and loss?

So now that you know how lớn calculate pip value và leverage, let’s look at how you calculate your profit or loss.

Let’s buy U.S. dollars và sell Swiss francs.

The rate you are quoted is 1.4525 / 1.4530. Because you are buying U.S. dollars you will be working on the “ASK” price of 1.4530, the rate at which traders are prepared lớn sell.So you buy 1 standard lot (100,000 units) at 1.4530.A few hours later, the price moves to 1.4550 và you decide to cđại bại your trade.The new quote for USD/CHF is 1.4550 / 1.4555. Since you initially bought to open the trade, lớn close the trade, you now must sell in order khổng lồ cthua thảm the trade so you must take the “BID” price of 1.4550. The price that traders are prepared to buy at.

Bid/Ask Spread

Rethành viên, when you enter or exit a trade, you are subject to the spread in the bid/ask quote.

Chuyên mục: Đầu tư